A new world of buildings made with BIMs and modular construction
Hong Kong has completed the construction of the world’s first fully modular infectious disease hospital.
Modular construction is a new construction method. Single rooms are made in advance at factories as individual modules. Interiors are decorated before the rooms are transported to the construction site for full assembly. This leads to overwhelming time and cost savings.
Modular construction is a method that resembles Lego block assembly. The method is capable of producing buildings of far higher quality and sophistication than existing prefabs, container houses, or mobile homes.
The global modular construction market is expected to become an industry worth ¥22 trillion (US $215 billion) by 2025. (Frost & Sullivan)
The tool that forms the base of modular construction is building information modeling (BIM).
BIM software can generate 3D computer models (called “building information models,” or “BIMs”) that closely resemble their real-world counterparts.
BIMs can store a far wider range of data than diagrams can. In addition to construction parts and dimensional measurements, BIMs can also contain information on materials, the assembly process (time), etc. One can also reproduce structural inputs and facility equipment. Since BIMs can contain detailed equipment data such as product numbers, manufacturing information, and pricing, BIMs can also be used for maintenance and the management of materials.
This is an example of how innovation continues to evolve with the COVID-19 panic.
Architecture based on 3D CAD will surely become obsolete.
Hong Kong completes construction of the North Lantau Hospital Hong Kong Infection Control Centre